Bioagri Solutions
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      A Biocomposting Culture.  Let’s return wastes to Mother Earth


Paper Mill sludge


What is Compost?
Composting is controlling the natural decay of organic matter by providing the right conditions for composting waste organic material into a product that can be returned to your farm fields, garden etc.  Microorganisms (mainly bacteria and fungi) break down organic wastes of sugar mill/paper mill in a moist, aerobic (oxygen demanding) environment.  The final product is a dark, crumbly form of decomposed organic matter.
What Compost does?
When added to soil, Compost breaks up heavy clay soils, helps sandy soils retain water and nutrients, and releases essential nutrients.  Compost also contains beneficial microscopic organisms that build up the soil and make nutrients available to plants.
What materials should be avoided?

Organic materials that should not be added to your Compost pile include meat, bones and fatty foods (such as cheese, salad dressing and leftover cooking oil).  Do not add pet or human wastes to a Compost pile.

Essentials of Composting

Organic materials for composting all contain nutrients that provide energy and growth for microorganisms.  These organic materials each have their own ratio of Carbon and Nitrogen (C:N) in their tissues (See Table).  These C:N ratios are important. If the ratio is greater than 30:1, Nitrogen will be lacking and materials will decompose more slowly.

Green / Brown - Wastes C : N Ratio
Vegetable scraps 20:1
Corn stalks 60:1
Straw 100:1
Paper 200:1
Saw dust 400:1
Moisture and Aeration

The microbes in compost pile need a certain amount of water and air to survive. Too much moisture will force out the air and suffocate the microorganisms.  Too little moisture will slow down decay.  Whenever you add water, be sure to mix the material to distribute the moisture evenly.

Temperature and Time

As a result of the decomposition process, the interior temperature of the pile should peak to 60o or higher.  A hot bed (or long-stemmed) thermometer can be used to check the interior temperature of the pile at least 12 inches from the surface. When the temperature reaches 60o C or begins to fall, it is time to turn the pile and, perhaps, every three to five days. Periodically, check the moisture content of your pile.  The compost should feel damp.  Once your turning causes no rice in temperature, and the material appears dark and crumbly, your compost is ready. The intensity of the process depends on the amount of nitrogen in the materials.  The time required to produce compost can take a month or year or longer depending on the kind and coarseness of the materials, volume of the pile and availability of moisture and air.
What is Minura?
Minura is a mixture of CULTURES OF MICRO ORGANISMS pecifically developed for accele-rated aerobic composting of organic waste. It contains cultures of bacteria, fungi and actinomycites along with enzymes, which facilitate bioconversion of organic waste into a bio stabilized compost speedily. It is free from any toxic or hazardous materials.

is an eco-friendly product to solve waste management problem in agro based industries like sugar mills, food processing industries, municipal waste and in agriculture farms.
Application Method

Recommended dosage of Esvin Minura is 1 kg and 200 kg of Fly Ash for 1 MT of organic waste.

Prepare a slurry using 100 Lit of water per 1 kg of Minura.
Under shade or on cement floor place 50 kg of the organic waste. (5 m x 1.5 m)
Spray the above slurry on the waste. Add 10 kg of Fly Ash on this layer, as fly ash will increase soil pH and add micronutrients to the roots.
Add 50 kg of Organic waste on this layer and repeat the steps 2 & 3 until all the organic wastes are exhausted.
Finally after mixing, the treated waste may be arranged in the form of a heap up to 1.5 m height.
Moisture level of the heap should be maintained up to 50% by spraying water periodically.
Turn the heap upside down in 2nd and 3rd week and also two weeks before clearing the bed.
If temperature does not rise above 60o C during the first week of heap formation, add Minura at the rate of half the earlier dosage during first turning.
Under normal conditions, composting process will be complete within 4 – 6 weeks.
Product Packing and Storage Details

Minura is available in 1 kg Carton Box and 25 kg Bags / Drum. Minura should be stored away from direct sunlight and in a dry place within the temperature range of 10o C to 40o C. The shelf life of the product is one year.

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